The southernmost island of the world is Antarctica, which has no permanent residents. The northernmost inhabited island in the world is Greenland, with a population of around 56,000.
There are over 1,200 islands in the United Kingdom alone, and twenty-five percent of people in the U.S live on one. It’s safe to say that people live on islands in some capacity. Now, one might wonder how they do it without veering into the realm of science fiction.
What are some things that are necessary for island life?
First, islands require a reliable source of energy. Electrical power is usually provided by offshore oil rigs or through underwater cables that connect to nearby continents. This allows residents to operate machinery that would otherwise be impossible or extremely difficult on an island, such as electricity-powered vehicles.
Islands must also provide food. This is typically produced using hydroponics, aquaculture, and year-round greenhouse production.
All island nations require a stable communication system in order for their residents to remain in contact with the mainland. This allows people to monitor incoming storms and any other natural phenomenon that might threaten their livelihood.
What are the disadvantages of living on an island?
One of the biggest issues is food supply. Islands generally have a smaller amount of arable land than mainland countries, and this makes it harder to provide enough sustenance for the island population.
Additionally, if ships aren’t able to reach the island or if other transportation methods stop working during a large storm, residents could be cut off from outside resources for extended periods of time.
Islands face the risk of rising sea levels due to climate change, which could force some islands underwater in coming years.
What are some advantages?
Though there are many disadvantages, there are also many benefits to living on an island! For example, since people live on islands for security purposes, it is easier to monitor areas surrounding the island. Islanders usually provide a lot of employment opportunities, which can lead to higher standards of living for everyone involved.
Lastly, since islands are generally small in size they’re relatively easy to govern and maintain control over laws and infrastructure. This makes it easier for people to trust their government and participate in civil society.